Origami is one of the best ways to show your creativity. But, if you’re new to the art of paper folding, then learning the basics wouldn’t be a bad idea.
So, if you find Japanese Origami quite interesting, here’s the list of techniques you might want to in your skills.
Fold the paper into half to form a “V”. There you have your first fold. But actually, there are two kinds of valley folds:
Rectangular Valley Fold
First, fold your square paper into half either horizontally or vertically. Just keep in mind that you aligned the edges of the paper carefully.
Diagonal Valley Fold
Quite the same as rectangular fold, the difference is that you fold it diagonally.
The mountain fold is the same as the valley fold but done in an upside down way. So, instead of a “V”, the paper will look like a mountain.
It’s also called the square base, the square fold is the basic fold in making complex origami. To keep you guided on how to do it, just follow these simple steps:
1. Make a mountain fold both vertically and horizontally resulting in a cross-shaped crease on your paper.
2. Make a valley fold in all the opposing angles of the paper. Now, your paper should have an X-shaped crease on top of the cross-shaped crease.
3. Fold the X-Shape crease towards the inside to come up with a smaller square paper. A piece of cake! You already a square fold.
Before you make a chair fold, you need first to do the half valley fold. Half valley fold is just the same as valley fold. But instead of meeting the two edges, one edge will only meet the half of the paper. Now that you know the half valley fold, let’s get started with the Chair Fold:
1. Do vertical Half-Valley Folds twice followed by a one horizontal Half Valley fold. Now you should have three creases on your paper.
2. Then you’re going to do the “backrest” of your chair by lifting the edge of your Half-Valley Fold
3. On both sides, underneath the point where the horizontal and vertical creases meet, make a little diagonal fold for the sides of the chair.
Commonly known as the Kite Base, you’ll come up with a Kite fold by doing the Valley Fold on a square paper.
To do it, just apply the Diagonal Valley Fold. Then do the smaller Valley Folds on each “flap” so the edges will meet at the center. At this point, your paper should look like a kite.
Inside Reverse Fold
It is used to create small flaps. This basic fold should show the inside of the flap, that’s the reason why it is called “inside reverse”. To do an Inside Reverse Flap, here’s how to do it:
1. Make a diagonal fold on a piece of square paper.
2. Fold the top of the paper diagonally on either side to create a crease. Make sure the open edge of the paper is on the left side.
3. While applying the Valley Fold on the top center of the crease, try to open the paper a little. In the same way, you’re also applying the Mountain-Fold on both sides of the flaps.
If your paper has a bleak-like form and you can also see the inside of it, then you completed the Inside Reverse-Fold.
It’s pretty much the same as the Inside Reverse Fold, the only difference is folding the top of the paper on either sides of the flap to create a crease. Then, just open the paper a little bit and give the flap a mountain fold. As a finish product, your paper should appear like a bird looking backwards.
Rabbit Ear Fold
This folding technique is essential in doing advanced origami. But don’t fret because here’s an easy instruction to do it:
1. On a square paper, diagonally fold it for two times to come up with an X-crease at the center.
2. Make a valley fold on one side. Just make sure that the edge will touch the center. After securing the crease, unfold it
3. Do the same on the other end to make the three creases intersecting at the center.
4. Then, try to do 3 valley fold on each crease that’s meeting at the center. There should be a small flap standing up at the center.
5. Bend it towards the left and you’ll now have a Rabbit Ear Fold.
In pleat fold, you will need to do the Valley Fold and Mountain Fold alternately. After these, there should be at two parallel fold line on your paper.
To do a Pleat Fold. Just make a horizontal Valley Fold followed by a Vertical Valley Fold resulting in a small square. Then make a mountain fold using the top flap. In the end, there should be a “Z” shape.
Crimp Fold is almost the same as the Pleat Fold but with a back-to-back Zigzag. To make one, here’s a step by step guide:
1. Make either horizontal or vertical fold
2. Make a valley fold using the left edge. Leave a centimeter gap between the edges. From here you will have Valley Fold #1 Unfold.
3. Do a Valley Fold on the right side(Valley Fold #2). Unfold. By this time, you should see two vertical creases in the middle of the paper.
4. Now, flatten you paper. Then fold it from right to left on Valley Fold.
5. Bend the Valley Fold #2 to make a zigzag in the middle. After that, you can fold it horizontally to come up with a crimp fold.
Congratulations! You now have the basic of Origami. With a lot a practice and exercise, you’ll definitely move on to the advance level. Good luck!