Sweden finds a new leak in Nord Stream gas pipeline

Nord Stream 4th leak

Image Source: Gas Strategies

This week, the fourth leak has been found in Sweden in Nord Stream, a significant undersea pipeline that carries Russian natural gas to the EU.

Early this week, gas leaks in the Nord Stream 1 and 2 pipelines were detected by Sweden and Denmark. According to NATO, the incidents were caused by intentional, careless, and irresponsible sabotage.

Russia denied claims that it had attacked its pipelines as inevitable and foolish. According to the Russian foreign ministry, the explosions happened in areas under American intelligence supervision.

According to Miguel Berger, the German ambassador to the UK, it was obvious that a state must have been involved in the incidents because no non-state actor could have been to blame.

According to the Swedish coast guard, the fourth breach on Nord Stream 2 was discovered quite near a previous, larger leak on Nord Stream 1.

The EU has often accused Russia of using gas supplies as a weapon against the West in revenge for the West’s backing of Ukraine.

Without going into any detail, Fatih Birol, head of the International Energy Agency, stated that it is “quite evident” who is responsible for the damage.

According to Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov, the revelations have him “very concerned,” and he claimed it was impossible to rule out the prospect of a planned strike.

The continent’s energy infrastructure will be subject to the toughest possible defense, according to EU leaders.

While this was going on, Norway, a non-EU member, declared it would send troops to guard oil and gas facilities.

Although they both contain gas, Nord Stream 1 and 2 are not currently delivering any gas.

The Nord Stream 1 pipeline comprises two parallel branches and has not moved any gas since Russia shut it down in late August due to maintenance needs.

It extends 1,200 kilometers (745 miles) under the Baltic Sea, from the Russian coast near St. Petersburg to northeastern Germany. Following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine in February, construction on its twin pipeline, Nord Stream 2, was halted.

Before the leaks were discovered, seismologists noted undersea explosions. The Baltic Sea is covered in bubbles, the largest of which has a diameter of 1 km, according to a video of the leaks given by Denmark’s Defence Command.

There was no question that they were explosions, according to Bjorn Lund of Sweden’s National Seismology Center.

A Moscow-based research tank, the Russian International Affairs Council’s Andrei Kortunov, disagreed, claiming that a Russian invasion was illogical.

Environmental effect of the Nord Stream leak

The bad news is that methane, the gas in the Nord Stream pipes, has a strong warming influence on our climate.

Methane is nearly 80 times more effective than CO2, the most prevalent greenhouse gas, at trapping heat in the Earth’s atmosphere in the first 20 years after its emission.

Nobody is exactly sure how much information has leaked out at this time.

Read Also: Ukraine accuses Russia of blowing up Nord Stream pipelines 

The good news, if you can call it that, is that the amount gushing into the North Sea is most likely insignificant in comparison to worldwide emissions.

According to one American expert, the methane in the pipe might have the same climate impact as 2.5 hours of world CO2 emissions. According to a Danish energy official, the leak might account for almost a third of Denmark’s annual CO2 emissions.

Cutting emissions from the fossil fuel industry is thought to be one of the quickest ways to decrease the rise in global temperatures because methane only remains in our atmosphere for around ten years (as opposed to hundreds of years for CO2).

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